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Subject for August, 2001: Native Americans
Cherokee  |  Hopi  |  Iroquois  |  Sioux

 


If You Lived With the Cherokee (If You)

For more information, go to Cherokee in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. Where did the Cherokee live?

In the Great Smoky Mountains. Read more.

2. What did the Cherokee wear?
Deerskin shirts and skirts, breechclouts, leggings, moccasins, armbands, and jewelry. Read more.

3. Did the Cherokee hunt and fish or grow crops?
Both. Read more.

4. Who were the chiefs of the Cherokee village?
The White Chief (Peace Chief) and the Red Chief (War Chief). Read more.

5. Did the Cherokee have festivals?
Yes. Read more.

6. What does Nunna-da-ul-tsun-yi mean?
"The Place Where They Cried" and is also known as the Trail of Tears. Read more.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Aniyunwiya: What the Cherokee call themselves meaning "the Principal People"
Switch Grass: Tall, bamboo-like cane grass that grows near the river
Dugout Canoe: A canoe made from one log, hollowed out by fire, and shaped to a point at each end
Yowa: The Great Spirit
Atohuna: The Friendship Ceremony which takes place in the fall to forget grudges and build friendships
Anesta: Stick ball, a major Cherokee sport

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What is the Cherokee Syllabary?
An alphabet made up of sets of syllables rather than letters. Read more.

b. Where do the Cherokee live today?
Most Cherokee live in the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma. A smaller group, known as the Eastern Band, live on a tiny part of the same land where their ancestors lived in the Great Smoky Mountains. Read more.

c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Read more.

d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the Cherokee:
PAPA WAS A BOY IN GRAY Report #11
The Official Site of the Cherokee Nation (Tahlequah, Oklahoma)
The Official Home Page of the Eastern Band of Cherokee (NC)
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail
Sequoyah Birthplace Museum (Vonore, Tennessee)

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If You Lived With the Hopi (If You)

For more information, go to Hopi in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. Where did the Hopi live?

In the Arizona high desert. Read more.

2. The Hopi were given four names. When were these names given?
At birth, at age six, as an adult, and at death. Read more.

3. What did the Hopi wear?
Mantas, breechcloth, kilts, leggings, sandals, and moccasins. Read more.

4. How did the Hopi learn?
From their parents. Read more.

5. What games did the Hopi play?
Team sports, races, ball games, dart-throwing contests, archery, and a game similar to field hockey. Read more.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Pueblo: village
Clan: people who were related to you through your mother's female ancestors
Mesa: small, flat-topped mountain
Kachinas: the Hopi's special protectors
Reservation: land the U.S. government set aside for Native American tribes to use
1934 Indian Reorganization Act: law stating the U.S. government should help protect Native American traditions, not destroy them, and stating Native Americans had a right to their own land and to more self-government

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What was the Hopi religion?
They believed everything in nature had its own sacred spirit. Read more.

b. What happened to the Hopi when the American settlers came?
Read more.

c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Read more.

d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the Hopi:
The Official Web Site of the Hopi Tribe
The Official Hopi Cultural Preservation Office
Pueblo Cultural Center

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If You Lived With the Iroquois (If You)

For more information, go to Iroquois in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. Where did the Iroquois live?

From eastern New York to northeastern Ohio, and from southern Ontario to northern Pennsylvania. Read more.

2. Which five nations made up the Iroquois League?
Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca. Read more.

3. What is a longhouse?
The name of the house where the Iroquois lived. Read more.

4. What did the Iroquois eat?
Vegetables (corn, beans, and squash), fruits, nuts, meat and fish. Read more.

5. What did the Iroquois wear?
Vests, blouses, long skirts, leggings, kilt-like skirts, moccasins, and snowshoes. Read more.

6. Did each family own the land it farmed?
No. Read more.

7. What was the Iroquois religion?
They believed the Creator, or Great Spirit, made the world. Read more.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Wampum: Beads from seashells woven into different picture patterns used in Condolence Ceremonies, by messengers, and to record important information and great events
Moccasins: strong, comfortable shoes made from softened animal skins, and often decorated with special designs
Snowshoes: a special kind of winter shoe that was 3 feet long and sixteen inches wide and made from pieces of hickory wood bent round at the top with a netting worn under the moccasin
Strawberry Festival: held late May or early June when the wild strawberries ripened to celebrate the return of the first fruits of the earth
Harvest Festival: a four-day festival celebrated in early October when all the crops were picked, cooked, and stored for winter eating
Naho: The way the storytellers ended their stories meaning, "it is finished"

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. How did the Iroquois League influence the United States government?
The United States borrowed some of its ideas, including: national and local systems; a "checks and balance" system; a democratic government; and a constitution with the freedom of speech and religion. Read more.

b. What is the Great Law of Peace?
The Iroquois Constitution. Read more.

c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Read more.

d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the Iroquois:
Iroquois.net
Haudenosaunee Home Page
Iroquois Indian Museum
The Iroquois Studies Association
Iroquois Language

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If You Lived With the Sioux Indians (If You)

For more information, go to Sioux in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. Where did the Sioux live?

In the Great Plains also known as present-day North Dakota and South Dakota. Read more.

2. What did the Sioux eat?
Buffalo, other meat, and wild fruits and vegetables. Read more.

3. What did the Sioux wear?
Long dresses, shirts, leggings, breechcloths, and moccasins. Read more.

4. How did the Sioux learn?
By playing and helping their parents work. Read more.

5. Did the Sioux hunt buffalo?
Yes. Read more.

6. What was the Sioux religion?
They believed everything had a life of its own. Read more.

7. Could any boy become a Sioux Chief?
Yes. Read more.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Rawhide: hard leather made from buffalo hide
Wakan Tanka: The Great Spirit that sent them buffalo
Sun Dance: A worshipping ceremony performed once a year before the big buffalo hunt to ask the spirits to bring the Sioux plenty of buffalo
Shaman: a medicine man who had special powers to cure the sick
Heyoka: a person who made people laugh by doing things backwards, like saying yes when he meant no or acting cold on a hot day
Powwow: a ceremony with parades, dances, and contests to judge the best dancing and costumes

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What did the Sioux make out of a buffalo?
The Sioux used every part of the buffalo for many things. Read more.

b. What happened to the Sioux when the American settlers came?
Read more.

c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Read more.

d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the Sioux:
Plains Indians (National Park Service)
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe

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Native Americans In Depth:
Native Americans Main Page
Cherokee in Depth  |  Hopi in Depth
Iroquois in Depth
 |  Sioux in Depth

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