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A Picture Book of Patrick Henry A Picture Book of Patrick Henry

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. When was Patrick Henry born?

May 29, 1736. Patrick Henry was born in Hanover County, Virginia, on May 29, 1736. He was born on a tobacco plantation called Studley Farm. Patrick's mother was named Sarah, and his father was named John. He had ten brothers and sisters. He was the second child. John Henry was a farmer, judge, surveyor, and soldier.

Patrick studied at home and at school. The school was a one-room school house. His favorite subjects were mathematics and history. Patrick also liked to hunt and fish.

When Patrick was eleven years old, he listened to a minister named Reverend Samuel Davies. Patrick thought Davies was a great speaker. Patrick was influenced by the way Davies would speak. He was speak softly, then shout, and then speak softly again.

When Patrick was fifteen years old, he was a clerk in a country store. The next year, Patrick's father opened a store for Patrick and his brother, William, to run.

In October, 1754, Patrick married Sarah Shelton in the Shelton's parlor. He was eighteen years old, and she was sixteen years old. As a wedding present, Sarah's father gave them three hundred acres of land and six African-American slaves. Patrick and Sarah had six children. Sarah died in 1775.

On October 9, 1777, Patrick married Dorothea Dandrdige. Did you know Dorothea was a cousin of Martha Washington? Martha Washington was the wife of George Washington. Patrick and Dorothea had eleven children.

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2. Which of the following did Patrick Henry do?
a) Discover lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm.
b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.
c) Ride from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists the British were coming.
d) Lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1760, Patrick became a lawyer. He handled more than one thousand cases within his first three years.

On December 1, 1763, Patrick won his first big case. It was called the Parson's Cause. The people of Virginia passed a law, and the parsons objected to it. A parson is a member of the clergy. The king of England supported the parsons and rejected the law. Patrick represented the people of Virginia. He argued the king had no right to veto a law passed by the people, and he called the king a tyrant. The lawyers for the parsons said Patrick committed treason.

In 1764, Patrick was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. It is where laws were made.

The other choices to this question may seem familiar. That's because they were accomplished by other famous American Patriots. Ben Franklin discovered lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm. Paul Revere rode from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists the British were coming. George Washington led the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

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3. In the 1760's and 1770's, the British Parliament imposed taxes on the American colonies. Name ONE of these taxes.
The Sugar Act (1764), the Stamp Act (1765), the Townshend Acts (1767), and the Tea Act (1773).

In 1764, Patrick became a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In March, 1765, the Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament to tax printed matter sold in the colonies. It was an effort by the British to pay for the French and Indian War which ended in 1763. The House of Burgesses and other colonies objected to the Stamp Act. Patrick spoke out against the Stamp Act. Some people said Patrick's statements were treason.

In 1766, the British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act. The next year, in 1767, the Parliament passed new taxes on the American colonies. They were called the Townshend Acts. The colonists spoke out against these taxes. Finally, in 1770, the Parliament ended all the taxes except the Tea Act.

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4. In 1774, Patrick Henry represented Virginia at the First Continental Congress. Where did this Congress convene?
a) Richmond
b) Boston
c) Philadelphia
d) Washington, D.C.

c) Philadelphia. In 1774, tensions were growing between Britain and the American colonies. Delegates from twelve of the colonies met in Philadelphia to decide how to deal with King George III and the British Parliament. It was called the First Continental Congress. Patrick represented Virginia.

Patrick wanted the delegates to think of themselves as a united people. He stated, "The distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American."

On March 23, 1775, Patrick addressed the Virginia Convention. It was here the saying "Give me liberty or give me death" is attributed to him. The next month, the American Revolution began when the first shot was fired in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775.

Patrick was also a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. This document declared the American colonies free from British rule. However, Patrick did not sign it. Instead, Patrick was in Virginia where a new state government was formed. Patrick was elected Virginia's first governor. Did you know Patrick served a total of five terms as governor: 1776, 1777, 1778, 1784, and 1785?

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5. When did the American Revolution end?
The fighting of the American Revolution ended on October 19, 1781, and the peace treaty was signed on September 3, 1783.

On October 19, 1781, British Commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered to American General George Washington in Yorktown, Virginia. This ended the fighting of the American Revolution.

On September 3, 1783, the American Revolution officially ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed. In the Treaty of Paris, Great Britain recognized the independence of the colonies.

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6. What is the Bill of Rights?
The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States.

Did you know Patrick Henry was opposed to the Constitution of the United States? He thought the president would act as a king, and the colonies had just fought a war to be free of kings. Patrick lost the argument. In 1789, the Constitution of the United States was ratified.

Patrick's concerns about a powerful central government led to the first ten amendments to the Constitution. These ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights. They protect the people's individual rights, including the right to freedom of speech.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Virginia House of Burgesses: First representative government group in the American colonies; it met for the first time at Jamestown on July 30, 1619

Stamp Act: In March, 1765, a law passed by the British Parliament which taxed the American colonies for printed materials, including newspapers and legal documents

French and Indian War: War fought from 1754 to 1763 between Britain and France for American territory with Native Americans fighting on both sides; it was one of four wars making up the French and Indian Wars which included King William's War (1689-1697), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), and King George's War (1744-1748)

Legislator: A member of a legislative body; a person who makes laws

Delegate: A person who represents others at a conference or political convention

Governor: The executive head of a state in the United States

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a.
Name ONE of Patrick Henry's jobs.
Country store clerk, store owner, farmer, lawyer, legislator, delegate, and governor.

When Patrick was fifteen years old, he was a clerk in a country store.

The next year, Patrick's father opened a store for Patrick and his brother, William, to run. They sold tea, coffee, and spices. The Henrys sold their goods on credit to poor farmers. This means the farmers could not afford to pay money for the goods so they gave the Henrys a promise to pay. After a year, many farmers still owed the Henrys money. The Henrys had to close the store because they had lots of credit slips and little money.

After Patrick married Sarah Shelton in 1754, he farmed their three hundred acres of land. In 1757, a fire destroyed their house and most of their belongings. He stopped farming.

Patrick and Sarah then moved into a tavern owned by Sarah's father near Hanover Court House. Patrick opened a new store. The store was busy with people who would often stop by just to talk. Patrick also spent time at the Hanover Court House listening to the legal talk and arguments. His store eventually failed.

In 1760, Patrick became a lawyer. He handled more than one thousand cases within his first three years.

In 1764, Patrick became a legislator when he was elected as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. The Virginia House of Burgesses is where laws were passed.

President George Washington asked Patrick to be a minister to Spain or France, Secretary of State, or Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Patrick was tired of public life and declined these jobs. In 1796, Patrick was also elected governor of Virginia, but he refused to serve.

After a short break from public life, Patrick was elected to the Virginian state legislature in 1799. However, he was ill with cancer. Three months later, on June 6, 1799, Patrick died in Charlotte County, Virginia. He was sixty-three years old.

Patrick was known as the "Noble Patriot," and he is one of the Founding Fathers.

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b. What year was the Boston Tea Party?
1773. The American colonists protested the Tea Act passed by the British Parliament. This act was a tax on tea.

On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists disguised themselves as Native Americans and boarded three British ships in the Boston Harbor. These ships were carrying tea. The colonists threw 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor to protest the Tea Act. This is known as the Boston Tea Party.

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c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
Patrick Henry was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.

I learned about the Stamp Act in school.

Britain fought in the French and Indian War.

Legislators work on Capitol Hill.

I represented my school as a delegate at a national conference.

I want to be either a governor or legislator when I grow up.

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d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Patrick Henry:
Patrick Henry National Memorial - Red Hill
Patrick Henry (Social Studies for Kids)
Patrick Henry (ushistory.org)
Patrick Henry (Colonial Williamsburg)
Patrick Henry - Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death (Yale Law School)
Virginia House of Burgesses (Social Studies for Kids)
The French and Indian War (Social Studies for Kids)

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