A Picture Book of Patrick Henry
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
1. When was Patrick Henry born?
May 29, 1736. Patrick Henry was born in Hanover County, Virginia,
on May 29, 1736. He was born on a tobacco plantation called Studley
Farm. Patrick's mother was named Sarah, and his father was named
John. He had ten brothers and sisters. He was the second child.
John Henry was a farmer, judge, surveyor, and soldier.
Patrick studied at home and at school.
The school was a one-room school house. His favorite subjects
were mathematics and history. Patrick also liked to hunt and fish.
When Patrick was eleven years old, he listened
to a minister named Reverend Samuel Davies. Patrick thought Davies
was a great speaker. Patrick was influenced by the way Davies
would speak. He was speak softly, then shout, and then speak softly
When Patrick was fifteen years old, he
was a clerk in a country store. The next year, Patrick's father
opened a store for Patrick and his brother, William, to run.
In October, 1754, Patrick married Sarah
Shelton in the Shelton's parlor. He was eighteen years old, and
she was sixteen years old. As a wedding present, Sarah's father
gave them three hundred acres of land and six African-American
slaves. Patrick and Sarah had six children. Sarah died in 1775.
On October 9, 1777, Patrick married Dorothea
Dandrdige. Did you know Dorothea
was a cousin of Martha Washington? Martha Washington was the wife
of George Washington. Patrick and Dorothea had eleven children.
2. Which of the following
did Patrick Henry do?
a) Discover lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key
during a thunderstorm.
b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member of the Virginia House
c) Ride from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists
the British were coming.
d) Lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member
of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1760, Patrick became a
lawyer. He handled more than one thousand cases within his first
On December 1, 1763, Patrick won his first
big case. It was called the Parson's Cause. The people of Virginia
passed a law, and the parsons objected to it. A parson is a member
of the clergy. The king of England supported the parsons and rejected
the law. Patrick represented the people of Virginia. He argued
the king had no right to veto a law passed by the people, and
he called the king a tyrant. The lawyers for the parsons said
Patrick committed treason.
In 1764, Patrick was elected to the Virginia
House of Burgesses. It is where laws were made.
The other choices to this question may
seem familiar. That's because they were accomplished by other
famous American Patriots. Ben Franklin discovered lightning was
electricity by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm. Paul
Revere rode from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists
the British were coming. George Washington led the Continental
Army during the American Revolution.
3. In the 1760's and
1770's, the British Parliament imposed taxes on the American colonies.
Name ONE of these taxes.
The Sugar Act (1764), the Stamp Act (1765), the Townshend Acts
(1767), and the Tea Act (1773).
In 1764, Patrick became a member of the
Virginia House of Burgesses. In March, 1765, the Stamp Act was
passed by the British Parliament to tax printed matter sold in
the colonies. It was an effort by the British to pay for the French
and Indian War which ended in 1763. The House of Burgesses and
other colonies objected to the Stamp Act. Patrick spoke out against
the Stamp Act. Some people said Patrick's statements were treason.
In 1766, the British Parliament repealed
the Stamp Act. The next year, in 1767, the Parliament passed new
taxes on the American colonies. They were called the Townshend
Acts. The colonists spoke out against these taxes. Finally, in
1770, the Parliament ended all the taxes except the Tea Act.
4. In 1774, Patrick
Henry represented Virginia at the First Continental Congress.
Where did this Congress convene?
d) Washington, D.C.
c) Philadelphia. In 1774, tensions were
growing between Britain and the American colonies. Delegates from
twelve of the colonies met in Philadelphia to decide how to deal
with King George III and the British Parliament. It was called
the First Continental Congress. Patrick represented Virginia.
Patrick wanted the delegates to think of
themselves as a united people. He stated, "The distinctions between
Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are
no more. I am not a Virginian, but an American."
On March 23, 1775, Patrick addressed the
Virginia Convention. It was here the saying "Give me liberty or
give me death" is attributed to him. The next month, the American
Revolution began when the first shot was fired in Lexington and
Concord, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775.
Patrick was also a delegate to the Second
Continental Congress. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental
Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. This document
declared the American colonies free from British rule. However,
Patrick did not sign it. Instead, Patrick was in Virginia where
a new state government was formed. Patrick was elected Virginia's
first governor. Did you know
Patrick served a total of five terms as governor: 1776, 1777,
1778, 1784, and 1785?
5. When did the American
The fighting of the American Revolution ended on October 19, 1781,
and the peace treaty was signed on September 3, 1783.
On October 19, 1781, British Commander
Lord Cornwallis surrendered to American General George Washington
in Yorktown, Virginia. This ended the fighting of the American
On September 3, 1783, the American Revolution
officially ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed. In the Treaty
of Paris, Great Britain recognized the independence of the colonies.
6. What is the Bill
The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
Did you know
Patrick Henry was opposed to the Constitution of the United States?
He thought the president would act as a king, and the colonies
had just fought a war to be free of kings. Patrick lost the argument.
In 1789, the Constitution of the United States was ratified.
Patrick's concerns about a powerful central
government led to the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
These ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights. They protect
the people's individual rights, including the right to freedom
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Virginia House of Burgesses: First representative government
group in the American colonies; it met for the first time at Jamestown
on July 30, 1619
Stamp Act: In March, 1765, a law
passed by the British Parliament which taxed the American colonies
for printed materials, including newspapers and legal documents
French and Indian War: War fought
from 1754 to 1763 between Britain and France for American territory
with Native Americans fighting on both sides; it was one of four
wars making up the French and Indian Wars which included King
William's War (1689-1697), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), and King
George's War (1744-1748)
Legislator: A member of a legislative
body; a person who makes laws
Delegate: A person who represents
others at a conference or political convention
Governor: The executive head of
a state in the United States
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
ONE of Patrick Henry's jobs.
Country store clerk, store owner, farmer, lawyer, legislator,
delegate, and governor.
When Patrick was fifteen years old, he
was a clerk in a country store.
The next year, Patrick's father opened
a store for Patrick and his brother, William, to run. They sold
tea, coffee, and spices. The Henrys sold their goods on credit
to poor farmers. This means the farmers could not afford to pay
money for the goods so they gave the Henrys a promise to pay.
After a year, many farmers still owed the Henrys money. The Henrys
had to close the store because they had lots of credit slips and
After Patrick married Sarah Shelton in
1754, he farmed their three hundred acres of land. In 1757, a
fire destroyed their house and most of their belongings. He stopped
Patrick and Sarah then moved into a tavern
owned by Sarah's father near Hanover Court House. Patrick opened
a new store. The store was busy with people who would often stop
by just to talk. Patrick also spent time at the Hanover Court
House listening to the legal talk and arguments. His store eventually
In 1760, Patrick became a lawyer. He handled
more than one thousand cases within his first three years.
In 1764, Patrick became a legislator when
he was elected as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.
The Virginia House of Burgesses is where laws were passed.
President George Washington asked Patrick
to be a minister to Spain or France, Secretary of State, or Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court. Patrick was tired of public life
and declined these jobs. In 1796, Patrick was also elected governor
of Virginia, but he refused to serve.
After a short break from public life, Patrick
was elected to the Virginian state legislature in 1799. However,
he was ill with cancer. Three months later, on June 6, 1799, Patrick
died in Charlotte County, Virginia. He was sixty-three years old.
Patrick was known as the "Noble Patriot,"
and he is one of the Founding Fathers.
b. What year was the
Boston Tea Party?
1773. The American colonists protested the Tea Act passed by the
British Parliament. This act was a tax on tea.
On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists
disguised themselves as Native Americans and boarded three British
ships in the Boston Harbor. These ships were carrying tea. The
colonists threw 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor
to protest the Tea Act. This is known as the Boston Tea Party.
c. Use five of the words
in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
Patrick Henry was a member of the Virginia
House of Burgesses.
I learned about the Stamp Act
Britain fought in the French and Indian
Legislators work on Capitol
I represented my school as a delegate
at a national conference.
I want to be either a governor
or legislator when I grow
d. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about Patrick
Henry National Memorial - Red Hill
Henry (Social Studies for Kids)
Henry (Colonial Williamsburg)
Henry - Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death (Yale Law School)
House of Burgesses (Social Studies for Kids)
French and Indian War (Social Studies for Kids)