A Picture Book of Thomas Jefferson
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
1. When was
Thomas Jefferson born?
April 13, 1743. Thomas Jefferson was born in a four-room wooden
house in Shadwell, Virginia. He was the third of ten children.
His parents were named Jane Randolph and Peter Jefferson. During
this time, the United States had not been formed yet, and Virginia
was one of the thirteen American colonies belonging to England.
When Thomas Jefferson was sixteen years old, he attended the College
of William and Mary, located in Williamsburg, Virginia. After
college, Thomas became a lawyer with the help of George Wythe.
Did you know Thomas Jefferson
was Governor of Virginia for two terms?
2. What is the name
of Thomas Jefferson's home?
In 1767, Thomas Jefferson began building his home on a small mountain
in Charlottesville, Virginia. He called it Monticello which is
an Italian word meaning "little mountain." On New Year's Day,
1772, Thomas married Martha Wayles Skelton. They had a son and
five daughters. Unfortunately, only two daughters lived to be
adults. They were Martha ("Patsy") and Mary ("Polly").
3. When did the American
Revolutionary War begin?
April, 1775. The American Revolutionary War was fought between
England and the American colonies. The colonies wanted to be free
from England's rule. On April 19, 1775, British Redcoats and Colonial
Minutemen met at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. There was
confusion, and a shot was fired. It is known as "the shot heard
around the world" because it was the beginning of the American
Revolution, and the American Revolution had lasting effects around
the world. On October 19, 1781, British Commander Lord Cornwallis
surrendered to American General George Washington in Yorktown,
Virginia. Two years later, on September 3, 1783, the Treaty of
Paris was signed which recognized the independence of the colonies.
The United States of America was born.
4. Did Thomas Jefferson
help write the Declaration of Independence?
Yes. In June, 1776, a year after the start of the American Revolution,
the Second Continental Congress asked Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin,
John Adams, Robert R. Livingston, and Roger Sherman to write the
of Independence stating the colonies'
reasons for fighting. One of these reasons was the idea that all
people are created equal and have the right to be free: "We hold
these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal,
that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of
Happiness." The Declaration of Independence was adopted by all
the colonies on July 4, 1776, and it contains some of the most
famous and important words ever written, including the beginning,
"When in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for
one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected
them with another..."
5. In what year was
Thomas Jefferson elected President of the United States?
1800. Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States.
He was elected in 1800, and began his first term in 1801. Thomas
was elected to a second term in 1804. In all, Thomas was President
from 1801 to 1809. As President, Thomas bought land from France.
The deal was known as the Louisiana Purchase, and the land was
known as the Louisiana Territory. The Louisiana Territory consisted
of the area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States.
Did you know after Thomas
left the White House, he started the University of Virginia?
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Library of Congress: The national library of the United
States, located in Washington, D.C.
Monticello: Thomas Jefferson's
home, meaning "little mountain"
House of Burgesses: Virginia legislature
Continental Congress: One of two
legislative assemblies governing the American colonies during
the American Revolution
Treaty of Paris of 1783: Treaty
ending the Revolutionary War
U.S. Constitution: The system of
laws governing the United States
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
a. What happened to over ten thousand of Thomas
They were sold to the United States Congress. These books became
an important part of the Library
of Congress which was established in 1800. Today, the Library
of Congress is the largest repository of recorded knowledge in
the world and a symbol of the vital connection between knowledge
and democracy. Did you know
the Library of Congress acquired its 100 millionth item in 1992?
b. What position did
Thomas Jefferson hold in President George Washington's cabinet?
of State. In 1789, George Washington became the first President
of the newly formed United States of America, and Thomas Jefferson
was appointed the first Secretary of State. This meant Thomas
would represent the U.S. in its dealing with other nations.
Did you know Colin
Powell is the Secretary of State in
2001? In 1797, Thomas Jefferson (a Democrat-Republican) became
Vice President under John Adams (a Federalist) until 1801. Then
he became President from 1801 to 1809.
c. On what day did Thomas
July 4, 1826. Thomas Jefferson died exactly fifty years after
the Declaration of Independence was approved by the colonies.
Did you know John Adams (the
second U.S. President) also died on July 4, 1826? Not knowing
Thomas Jefferson had died just hours before, John Adams whispered
his last words: "Thomas Jefferson survives."
d. Use five of the words
in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
The Library of Congress has
a copy of every book.
A picture of Monticello is
on the back of the nickel.
Thomas Jefferson was a member of the House
The Second Continental Congress
signed the Declaration of Independence.
The Treaty of Paris ended
the American Revolution in 1783.
The preamble of the U.S. Constitution
begins, "We the people
e. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about Thomas
Memorial (National Park Service)
The Home of Thomas Jefferson
(The White House)
Wayles Skelton Jefferson Biography (The White House)