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July, 2003

140th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg!
July 1 - 3, 1863

Happy July!
July 1-3: Battle of Gettysburg (1863) July 4: Independence Day or 4th of July (1776) July 14: Bastille Day (1789) July 17: Disneyland Opens (1955) July 20: Neil Armstrong's First Step on the Moon (1969) July 24: Amelia Earhart's Birthday (1897)

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"Up men, up! And let no man forget today that you are from old Virginia!" -- General George E. Pickett to Confederate troops before their attack on July 3, 1863, during the Battle of Gettysburg. This attack was repulsed by the Union army, and the Confederate army retreated. Today, it is known as Pickett's Charge.

George E. Pickett

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>>The Papa Tour stops at Gettysburg
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>>If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War

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Robert E., Abe, and Ulysses on a cannon overlooking part of the Soldiers' National Cemetery. This was one of the stops on the PAPA WAS A BOY IN GRAY TOUR Book Tour in 2001.

Gettysburg: A Battlefield Atlas Gettysburg: A Battlefield Atlas [Adult Reading Level]
Excellent book, atlas, and reference guide to add to your collection! The introduction quickly describes the war during 1863, and tells the story on how the two armies met at Gettysburg from July 1 - 3, 1863. The book is then divided into days and gives you snapshots of the events in small sections. You'll find a map on one side and a description of the action on the other. You can learn about the Railroad Cut, Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheat Field, the Peach Orchard, Cemetery Ridge, Culp's Hill, Pickett's Charge, the Angle, and the Retreat. Get yours today!

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Question:
Which of the following locations was NOT part of the fighting during the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg?
a) Little Round Top
b) The Wheat Field
c) The Peach Orchard
d) Fort Sumter


Ulysses and Robert E. on a cannon on the Confederate lines on Seminary Ridge. The field behind them is the site of the famous Pickett's Charge. The two low hills in the background are Little Round Top on the left and Big Round Top on the right.

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Did you know the Battle of Gettysburg is known as the High Tide of the Confederacy?

Yes. It was called the High Tide of the Confederacy because the Battle of Gettysburg was the closest the Confederate army came to defeating the Union army. If the Confederate army had won the battle, this victory may have led to a southern victory of the war. The Confederate defeat at Gettysburg was a turning point of the Civil War. Although the war continued for another two years, the Confederacy never had a better chance of winning the war than it did at Gettysburg.


Cannon at Gettysburg National Military Park in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought from July 1 - 3, 1863, during the American Civil War. The Union Army of the Potomac was led by Major General George G. Meade, and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was led by General Robert E. Lee.

>>The Papa Tour stops at Gettysburg
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>>If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War

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Robert E. Lee is my hero. He was a brilliant general during the American Civil War. After the war, he became the president of Washington College. To honor Robert E. Lee, this college was renamed Washington and Lee University.

Lee     Lee Chapel

 

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Question:
On a statue of a war hero, does the position of the horse's legs tell the fate of the war hero during the battle?

Answer:
It is our understanding the position of the horse's legs on a battlefield monument of a horse and rider usually depicts the fate of the rider during the battle.

If all four of the horse's legs are on the ground, the rider participated in the battle, and the rider was neither killed nor wounded during the battle.

If only three of the horse's legs are on the ground (and one of the legs is in the air), then the rider was wounded during the battle.

If only two of the horse's legs are on the ground (and two of the legs are in the air), then the rider was killed or mortally wounded during the battle.

In describing the above positions, we mentioned it "usually" depicts the fate of the rider during the battle. We used the word "usually" because this tends to be the protocol in designing monuments. However, we have not been advised that is it mandatory of the designer to create the monument in this manner.

This is a photograph of Robert E. Lee and Traveller on Seminary Ridge at Gettysburg. All four of Traveller's legs are on the ground which indicates Lee was neither killed nor wounded during the battle. Did you know Lee witnessed Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863, from the location of this statue?

>>The Papa Tour stops at Gettysburg
>>Read about the Civil War
>>If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War

Question:
Which of the following locations was NOT part of the fighting during the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg?
a) Little Round Top
b) The Wheat Field
c) The Peach Orchard
d) Fort Sumter


Ulysses and Robert E. on a cannon on the Confederate lines on Seminary Ridge. The field behind them is the site of the famous Pickett's Charge. The two low hills in the background are Little Round Top on the left and Big Round Top on the right.)

Answer:
d) Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter marked the beginning of the American Civil War. It was fought from April 12 to April 14, 1861, in Charleston, South Carolina.

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863. The Confederate army was led by Robert E. Lee, and the Union army was led by George G. Meade.

Day One
On July 1, the Confederate army met the Union army west of Gettysburg. They fought at McPherson's Ridge, the Railroad Cut, and McPherson's Woods. The Confederate army pushed the Union army back through the town. The armies' lines formed a "fishhook." The Confederate army was located in a "fishhook" along Seminary Ridge, and the Union army was located in a "fishhook" along Cemetery Ridge.

Day Two
On July 2, the Confederate army confronted the Union army at Little Round Top, Big Round Top, Devil's Den, the Wheat Field, the Peach Orchard, Cemetery Ridge, and Culp's Hill. The Confederate army gained some territory, and then fell back to its original line along Seminary Ridge.

Day Three
On July 3, fighting continued at Culp's Hill in the morning. In the afternoon, the Confederate artillery began a 150-cannon barrage on the Union line located on Cemetery Ridge. The Confederate army then marched across the one mile open field towards the clump of trees marking the center of the Union army's position. This charge is known as Pickett's Charge. The two armies met at the Angle on Cemetery Ridge. This position is known as the High Water Mark. The Union army held off the assault, and the Confederate army fell back.

After three days of fighting, the Confederate army retreated from the battlefield, and the Union army won the battle. As both armies left the field, over 61,000 men were dead or wounded. The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.

>>The Papa Tour stops at Gettysburg
>>Read about the Civil War
>>If You Lived at the Time of the Civil War

       

 

 

 


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